ANALYSIS OF DERIVATIONAL AFFIXES IN THE LORD OF THE RINGS: THE FELLOWSHIP OF THE RING WRITTEN BY J.R.R. TOLKIEN

 

ABSTRACT

Ali (2018). Analysis of Derivational Affixes in The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring Written by J.R.R. Tolkien. Thesis. Jakarta: English Literature Sekolah Tinggi Bahasa Asing (STIBA) – IEC Jakarta.  

Morphological analysis is the key to study and explore vocabularies. Morphological analysis implies an analysis of breaking words into its elements (root, prefix, and suffix). Furthermore, derivational affixes is the part of morphological analysis. So it is essential for the students to study about derivational affixes. When the students are able to identify derivational affixes, they can improve their vocabulary because by learning derivational affixes students can produce new words from just one word with different grammatical form. The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring is a novel created by English author J.R.R. Tolkien. This research uses descriptive qualitative design where researcher tries to find out the derivational affix and the roots from the words in the novel entitled The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring. In this research the writer analyzed all of words that are attached to prefix and suffix as the data. The data source is all the 22 chapters in the novel. The results of this thesis study shows that the derivational affixes found in the novel are Un- (37), In- (4), Im- (8), Re- (18), Dis- (5), Mis- (3), A- (0) as prefixes while the suffixes are –ment (22), -ness (18), -ion (11), ­-ant (4), -ity (8), -able (19), -ful (19), -less (26), -al (17), -ary (4), -ish (3), -ous (14), -ify (3), -ize (2), -en (7), -ly (121), -ive (4). The functions of derivational affixes found in the novelare adverb maker (118), followed by adjective maker (111), noun maker (76), and verb maker (46). The writer also concluded that the bases of roots of words that had been classified into part of speech are 109 (noun), 152 (adjective), and 90 (verb).Keywords: Morphology, Morpheme, Derivational Affixes

 

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