THE ELEMENTS OF POETRY AND THE INTERPRETATION USING FORMALISM APPROACH THROUGH THE POEMS “WHAT IS LIFE” BY JOHN CLARE AND “WHAT IS OUR LIFE” BY SIR WALTER RALEIGH
Anggraini Tri Lestari (2018). The Elements of Poetry and The Interpretation Using Formalism Approach Through The Poems “What is Life” by John Clare and “What is Our Life” by Sir Walter Raleigh. Thesis. Jakarta: English Literature Sekolah Tinggi Bahasa Asing (STIBA)-IEC Jakarta.
This thesis research is aimed at taking understanding regarding the elements of poetry and the interpretation within the poem “What is Life” by John Clare and “What is Our Life” by Sir Walter Raleigh as the object of the research. The method of the research is descriptive qualitative to depict about the content of the poems. In this research, the writer analyzes the data where the elements of poetry are analyzed for their meaning based on the context of the poems. The result of this research shows that: The writer concludes the poem by John Clare only uses metaphor and imagery. Meanwhile, the poem by Sir Walter Raleigh uses metaphor, simile, personification, imagery, and also symbol. Both poems also use independent elements such as speaker, tone, rhyme, and theme. At the end, the writer finds that each poet uses the elements of poetry to give an effect in the poems. There are messages that can be taken from each poem. Since each poem discusses about life and death, one of the messages is some aspects of life and the meaning of life itself can only be understood when life is over. Humans forget that life is a temporary journey and death is eternal. Clare and Raleigh believe that there will be a journey that must be taken even after humans die.
Keywords: Elements of Poetry, Formalism, Meaning of Life